A History of Western Philosophy, Vol. I: Ancient and Medieval

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A History of Western Philosophy, Vol. I:

Ancient and Medieval

by Dr. Norman L. Geisler

2012

 

 

This is the first of a two-volume set on the history of philosophy from the Pre-Socratics to the Post-moderns.  It offers comprehensive exposition of the greatest and most influential thinkers of the western world from a Christian perspective.  This very unique set is the result of a life-time of research, teaching, and writing by Dr. Geisler, the founder and first president of the Evangelical Philosophical Society.

Volume one covers all the major Western thinkers of ancient and medieval philosophy from Thales to Plotinus to Aquinas to Gerson.

This eBook is a 400-page PDF file. This is available here only as a PDF file at this time. The kindle version of this book is available at Amazon here. At this time we do NOT have printed (hardback or softcover) editions available.

 

Table of Contents:

Introduction: the History of Philosophy 7

The Four Great Periods of Western Thought 8

The Origin of Western Philosophy 9

ANCIENT PHILOSOPHY 12

THALES (c. 640 – 546/5 B.C.) 12

ANAXIMANDER (c. 640 – 546 B.C.) 14

ANAXIMENES (c. 640546 B.C.) 17

PYTHAGORAS (6th cent. B.C.) 18

HERACLITUS (c. 540 – 475 B.C.) 22

XENOPHANES (c. 570 – 480 B.C.) 26

PARMENIDES (c. 515 – 450 B.C.) 28

ZENO (490 – 430 B.C.) 31

MELISSUS (5th Century B.C.) 34

EMPEDOCLES (c. 493 – 433 B.C.) 36

INTRODUCTION TO ATOMISM 38

ANAXAGORAS (c. 500 – 428 B.C.) 40

DIOGENES (of Apollonia) (c. 470 – 399 B.C.) 43

LEUCIPPUS (fl. c.450 B.C.) 44 DEMOCRITUS (c. 460 – 370 B.C) 46

INTRODUCTION TO THE SOPHISTS 48

PROTAGORAS (c.485 – 410 B.C.) 49

GORGIAS (c. 483 – 375 B.C.) 51

CRATYLUS (c. 428 – 348 B.C.) 53

SOCRATES (c. 470 – 399 B.C.) 54

PLATO (c. 428/7 – 348/7 B.C.) 59

ARISTOTLE (c. 384/383 – 322/321 B.C.) 73

EPICURUS (c. 341 – 270 B.C.) 90

INTRODUCTION TO THE STOICS 95

PYRRHO (c. 360 – 270 B.C.) 97

LUCRETIUS (c. 99 – 55 B.C.) 99

MARCUS TULLIUS CICERO (c. 106 – 43 B.C.) 101

PHILO (JUDAEUS) OF ALEXANDRIA (c. 20 B.C. – A.D. 40) 103

JESUS CHRIST (c. 4 B.C. – 33 a.d.) 108

EPICTETUS (c. A.D. 50138) 112

SEXTUS EMPIRICUS (c. A.D. 160210) 114

EARLY CHRISTIAN THINKERS  (c. 2nd and 3rd cents. A.D.) 116

JUSTIN MARTYR (c. A.D. 100—165) 117

CLEMENT OF ALEXANDRIA (c. A.D. 150—211/215) 119

TERTULLIAN (c. A.D. 155 or 160 — after 220) 127

GNOSTICISM (c. A.D. 2nd to 4th Centuries) 132

PLOTINUS (NEO-PLATONISM) (c. A. D. 205 – 270) 138

MEDIEVAL PHILSOPHY 150

SAINT AUGUSTINE (c. A.D. 354 – 430) 150

PROCLUS  (c. A.D. 410 – 480) 160

BOETHIUS (c. A.D. 480 – 525) 165

DIONYSIUS [DENIS] THE PSEDUDO AREOPAGITE (fl. c. A.D. 500) 172

JOHN PHILOPONUS (c. A.D. 490 – 570) 176

INTRODUCTION TO MEDIEVAL CHRISTIANITY 181

MUHAMMAD (c. A.D. 570 – 632) 184

JOHN SCOTUS ERIGENA (c. A.D. 810 – 877) 185

INTRODUCTION TO ISLAMIC PHILOSOPHY 194

AL KINDI (c. A.D. 801 – 873) 195

AL FARABI  (C. A. D. 872 – 950) 200

AVICENNA (IBN SINA) (C. A.D. 980 – 1037) 203

THE RISE OF JEWISH PHILOSOPHY 213

AVICEBRON (SOLOMON IBN GABRIOL) (c. A.D. 1020 – 1070) 214

AL GHAZALI (c. A.D. 1058 – 1111) 216

ANSELM  OF CANTERBURY (c. A.D. 1033 – 1109) 219

PETER ABELARD (c. A.D. 1079 – 1142) 230

AVERROES (c. A.D. 1126—1198) 238

MOSES MAIMONIDES (c. A.D. 1135-1204) 243

PETER LOMBARD (c. A.D. 1100 – 1160) 247

WILLIAM OF AUVERGNE (c. A.D. 1180/1190—1249) 249

ROBERT GROSSETESTE (c. A.D. 1175 – 1253) 254

ST. BONAVENTURE  (c. A.D. 1221 – 1274) 257

ALBERT THE GREAT (c. 1200 – 1280 A.D.) 270

THOMAS AQUINAS (c. A.D. 1224/1225 – 1274) 278

ROGER BACON (c. AD 1220 – 1292) 301

JOHANNES (JOHN) DUNS SCOTUS (c. AD 1265/66 – 1308) 309

MEISTER (MASTER)  (JOHN) ECKHART (c. AD 1260 – 1326) 316

WILLIAM OF OCKHAM (c. AD 1285-1349) 321

NICHOLAS OF CUSA (c. A.D. 1401-1464) 332

FRANCIS SUAREZ (c. A.D. 15481617) 338

JOHN GERSON (A.D. 13631492) 343

FROM THE MIDDLE AGES TO MODERNITY 345

SELECT BOOKS ON THE HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY 347

More Information 348

 

 

 

 

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