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History of Western Philosophy – Volume II – Modern and Postmodern

A History of Western Philosophy, Volume II: Modern and Postmodern: From Descartes to Derrida
By Dr. Norman L. Geisler
2012

Available at Amazon here:

Having covered ancient and medieval philosophy in Volume I, Dr. Geisler proceeds to tackle the modern and post-modern periods of philosophy–from Descartes to Derrida! One of the things that makes this history of philosophy unique is the way Dr. Geisler provides a critical analysis of the philosophies through from a Christian, Biblical, and Thomistic viewpoint.

This is the second volume of a two-volume set on the history of philosophy from the Pre-Socratics to the Post-moderns. It offers comprehensive exposition of the greatest and most influential thinkers of the western world from a Christian perspective. This very unique set is the result of a life-time of research, teaching, and writing by Dr. Geisler, the founder and first president of the Evangelical Philosophical Society.

Contents

Introduction. 6

The Rationalists. 11
RENE DESCARTES (A.D. 1596—1650) 11
BENEDICT SPINOZA (A. D. 1632—1677) 23
GOTTFRIED LEIBNIZ (A.D. 1646—1716) 37
BLAISE PASCAL (A.D. 1623—1662) 48
Early Modern Scientists. 56
FRANCIS BACON (A.D. 1561—1626) 56
GALILEI GALILEO (A.D. 1564—1642) 63

The Empiricists. 69
JOHN LOCKE (A.D. 1632—1704) 69
GEORGE BERKELEY (A.D. 1685—1753) 82
DAVID HUME (A.D. 1711—1776) 92
IMMANUEL KANT (c. A.D. 1724—1804) 108

THE ENLIGHTENMENT—AN INTRODUCTION.. 123
British Enlightenment. 127
The French Enlightenment. 128
German Enlightenment. 132
American Enlightenment. 133

Post-Kantian Idealism… 135
JOHANN GOTTLIEB FICHTE (A.D. 1762—1814) 136
FRIEDRICH WILHELM JOSEPH VON SCHELLING (A.D. 1775—1854) 142
GEORG WILHELM FRIEDRICH HEGEL (A.D. 1770—1831) 146
JOSIAH ROYCE (A.D. 1855—1916) 155
LUDWIG FEUERBACH (A.D. 1804—1872) 163
FRIEDRICH SCHLEIERMACHER (A.D. 1768—1834) 169
ARTHUR SCHOPENHAUER (A.D. 1788—1860) 177
SØREN KIERKEGAARD (A.D. 1813—1855) 189
FRIEDRICH NIETZSCHE (A.D. 1844—1900) 204
KARL BARTH (A.D. 1886—1968) 213
MARTIN BUBER (A.D. 1878—1965) 220
EMIL BRUNNER (A.D. 1889—1966) 225
INTRODUCTION TO PHENOMENOLOGY. 231
EDMUND HUSSERL (A.D. 1859—1938) 232
MARTIN HEIDEGGER (A.D. 1889—1976) 238
PAUL TILLICH (A.D. 1886—1965) 250
RUDOLF BULTMANN (A.D. 1884—1976) 255
JEAN-PAUL SARTRE (A.D 1905—1980) 259
KARL MARX (c. A. D. 1818—1883) 265
INTRODUCTION TO POSITIVISM (SCIENTISM) 270
AUGUSTE COMTE (A.D. 1798—1857) 275
HERBERT SPENCER (A.D. 1820—1903) 285
CHARLES DARWIN (A.D. 1809—1882) 293
ALFRED JULES AYER (A.D. 1910—1989) 305
UTILITARIANSIM: A BRIEF INTRODUCTION.. 313
GEORGE EDWARD MOORE (A.D. 1873—1958) 315
JEREMY BENTHAM (A.D. 1748–1832) 323
JAMES MILL (A.D. 1773—1836) 326
JOHN STUART MILL (A.D. 1806—1873) 327
ANALYTIC PHILOSOPHY. 339
BERTRAND RUSSELL (A. D. 1872—1970) 348
LUDWIG WITTGENSTEIN (A.D. 1889—1951) 359
J. L. AUSTIN (A. D. 1911—1960) 369
CONVENTIONALISM: An Overview of the Philosophy of Science. 375
PRAGMATISM… 380
WILLIAM JAMES (A. D. 1842—1910) 382
JOHN DEWEY (A. D. 1859—1952) 399
SIGMUND FREUD (1856—1939) 416
ALFRED NORTH WHITEHEAD (A. D. 1861—1947) 426
PROCESS THEOLOGY VS. TRADITIONAL THEISM ON TIMELESSNESS. 442
Charles Hartshorne (1897—2000) 449
Schubert Ogden (b. 1928) 452
Nelson Pike (1930-2010) 459
OPEN THEISM (FREE-WILL THEISM or Neo-Theism) 464
INTRODUCTION TO POST-MODERN AND DECONSTRUCTIONIST THINKERS. 471
PAUL-MICHEL FOUCAULT (A. D. 1926—1984) 475
JACQUES DERRIDA (A. D. 1930—2004) 480
JEAN-FRANÇOIS LYOTARD (A.D. 1924—1998) 490
RICHARD RORTY (A. D. 1931—2007) 493
POST-MODERNISM IN THE CHURCH.. 504
THE EMERGENT CHURCH: THEOLOGICAL POSTMODERNISM… 504
Bibliography. 524
GLOSSARY. 527

History of Western Philosophy – Volume I – Ancient and Medieval

A History of Western Philosophy, Vol. I: Ancient and Medieval
by Dr. Norman L. Geisler
2012

Available at Amazon here:

This is the first of a two-volume set on the history of philosophy from the Pre-Socratics to the Post-moderns. It offers comprehensive exposition of the greatest and most influential thinkers of the western world from a Christian perspective. This very unique set is the result of a life-time of research, teaching, and writing by Dr. Geisler, the founder and first president of the Evangelical Philosophical Society. Volume one covers all the major Western thinkers of ancient and medieval philosophy from Thales to Plotinus to Aquinas to Gerson.

Contents:

Introduction: the History of Philosophy 7
The Four Great Periods of Western Thought 8
The Origin of Western Philosophy 9

ANCIENT PHILOSOPHY 12
THALES (c. 640 – 546/5 B.C.) 12
ANAXIMANDER (c. 640 – 546 B.C.) 14
ANAXIMENES (c. 640546 B.C.) 17
PYTHAGORAS (6th cent. B.C.) 18
HERACLITUS (c. 540 – 475 B.C.) 22
XENOPHANES (c. 570 – 480 B.C.) 26
PARMENIDES (c. 515 – 450 B.C.) 28
ZENO (490 – 430 B.C.) 31
MELISSUS (5th Century B.C.) 34
EMPEDOCLES (c. 493 – 433 B.C.) 36
INTRODUCTION TO ATOMISM 38
ANAXAGORAS (c. 500 – 428 B.C.) 40
DIOGENES (of Apollonia) (c. 470 – 399 B.C.) 43
LEUCIPPUS (fl. c.450 B.C.) 44 DEMOCRITUS (c. 460 – 370 B.C) 46
INTRODUCTION TO THE SOPHISTS 48
PROTAGORAS (c.485 – 410 B.C.) 49
GORGIAS (c. 483 – 375 B.C.) 51
CRATYLUS (c. 428 – 348 B.C.) 53
SOCRATES (c. 470 – 399 B.C.) 54
PLATO (c. 428/7 – 348/7 B.C.) 59
ARISTOTLE (c. 384/383 – 322/321 B.C.) 73
EPICURUS (c. 341 – 270 B.C.) 90
INTRODUCTION TO THE STOICS 95
PYRRHO (c. 360 – 270 B.C.) 97
LUCRETIUS (c. 99 – 55 B.C.) 99
MARCUS TULLIUS CICERO (c. 106 – 43 B.C.) 101
PHILO (JUDAEUS) OF ALEXANDRIA (c. 20 B.C. – A.D. 40) 103
JESUS CHRIST (c. 4 B.C. – 33 a.d.) 108
EPICTETUS (c. A.D. 50138) 112
SEXTUS EMPIRICUS (c. A.D. 160210) 114

EARLY CHRISTIAN THINKERS (c. 2nd and 3rd cents. A.D.) 116
JUSTIN MARTYR (c. A.D. 100—165) 117
CLEMENT OF ALEXANDRIA (c. A.D. 150—211/215) 119
TERTULLIAN (c. A.D. 155 or 160 — after 220) 127
GNOSTICISM (c. A.D. 2nd to 4th Centuries) 132
PLOTINUS (NEO-PLATONISM) (c. A. D. 205 – 270) 138

MEDIEVAL PHILSOPHY 150
SAINT AUGUSTINE (c. A.D. 354 – 430) 150
PROCLUS (c. A.D. 410 – 480) 160
BOETHIUS (c. A.D. 480 – 525) 165
DIONYSIUS [DENIS] THE PSEDUDO AREOPAGITE (fl. c. A.D. 500) 172
JOHN PHILOPONUS (c. A.D. 490 – 570) 176

INTRODUCTION TO MEDIEVAL CHRISTIANITY 181
MUHAMMAD (c. A.D. 570 – 632) 184
JOHN SCOTUS ERIGENA (c. A.D. 810 – 877) 185
INTRODUCTION TO ISLAMIC PHILOSOPHY 194
AL KINDI (c. A.D. 801 – 873) 195
AL FARABI (C. A. D. 872 – 950) 200
AVICENNA (IBN SINA) (C. A.D. 980 – 1037) 203
THE RISE OF JEWISH PHILOSOPHY 213
AVICEBRON (SOLOMON IBN GABRIOL) (c. A.D. 1020 – 1070) 214
AL GHAZALI (c. A.D. 1058 – 1111) 216
ANSELM OF CANTERBURY (c. A.D. 1033 – 1109) 219
PETER ABELARD (c. A.D. 1079 – 1142) 230
AVERROES (c. A.D. 1126—1198) 238
MOSES MAIMONIDES (c. A.D. 1135-1204) 243
PETER LOMBARD (c. A.D. 1100 – 1160) 247
WILLIAM OF AUVERGNE (c. A.D. 1180/1190—1249) 249
ROBERT GROSSETESTE (c. A.D. 1175 – 1253) 254
ST. BONAVENTURE (c. A.D. 1221 – 1274) 257
ALBERT THE GREAT (c. 1200 – 1280 A.D.) 270
THOMAS AQUINAS (c. A.D. 1224/1225 – 1274) 278
ROGER BACON (c. AD 1220 – 1292) 301
JOHANNES (JOHN) DUNS SCOTUS (c. AD 1265/66 – 1308) 309
MEISTER (MASTER) (JOHN) ECKHART (c. AD 1260 – 1326) 316
WILLIAM OF OCKHAM (c. AD 1285-1349) 321
NICHOLAS OF CUSA (c. A.D. 1401-1464) 332
FRANCIS SUAREZ (c. A.D. 15481617) 338
JOHN GERSON (A.D. 13631492) 343

FROM THE MIDDLE AGES TO MODERNITY 345
SELECT BOOKS ON THE HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY 347

God: A Philosophical Argument from Being

God: A Philosophical Argument from Being
by Dr. Norman L. Geisler
2015

Available as a Kindle e-book at http://www.amazon.com/dp/B00YOAD568.

In this is a 30 page book, Dr. Geisler presents an original, logical, philosophical argument for the existence of the theistic God. This is not a repackaging of the cosmological or ontological arguments. While predicated upon and arguably a logical outworking of thomistic metaphysics, this argument was not explicitly articulated by Thomas Aquinas. And although it may be similar to Avicenna’s (thomistic) argument from contingency for a necessary being, this argument was developed independently of Avicenna. (Great minds think alike!) This is the first time this particular argument from being has been published.

Contents
Introduction 4
Chapter 1: Definition of Terms 5
Chapter 2: The Argument Outlined 10
Chapter 3: The Argument with Commentary 12
Chapter 4: Answering Anticipated Questions 23
More Information 30